How To Build Web Applications: A Guide For Beginners

How To Build Web Applications

So, you want to learn how to build web applications? Well, you have made a great decision. Whether you’re creating a web application for your business or want to build a career in web app development, this post will benefit you. 

Developing these sorts of applications in the past used to be a tough nut to crack. But today, everything has changed. Web development has become simpler and faster to create, thanks to the modern frameworks available. 

We use web applications daily, but most don’t realize this. These applications are hosted on web servers and accessible via browsers. 

Here, we’ll discuss what a web application is, how to build web apps, the types of web applications, and the differences between web apps and mobile apps. Keep reading for more information. 

What Is A Web Application?

A web app refers to an interactive computer program developed with different web technologies (HTML, JS, and CSS), stores databases and files, and can manipulate data (CRUD). 

Web applications are essential to every business. Furthermore, it’s important to mention that a single user or team can use them to carry out tasks over the Internet.    

Web apps are hosted on web servers, and users interact with them within their browsers. So, user interaction is a crucial factor to note when designing a website application. So, create web apps that are user-friendly and responsive.

Web applications differ from mobile applications; we’ll discuss that later in this post. However, everything about a web application is handled server-side instead of the client-side. What does this imply?

It means web apps don’t depend on a specific operating system (OS) or programming language installed on users’ devices, as with mobile applications and local software. 

 Now, let’s delve into the process of building a web application. 

1: Develop an idea:

You can’t desire a web application because a competitor did. Your audience might not need the web app you want to create. The best approach is to conduct thorough research to develop an idea. 

This is the stage where you have to brainstorm. Think about your potential clients, their problems, and the best solutions. Remember, this stage isn’t just where you create ideas. It’s the stage where you must identify your clients’ problems and proffer a solution. 

Web applications are designed to solve problems. You identify a problem and create the application to solve it. If you create an application that doesn’t solve the issues, you’re wasting time, resources, and energy.

2: Conduct in-depth market research:

You have to conduct proper market research. This move will enable you to understand who your audience is, the problem your audience is having, and the magnitude of the problem. 

 The market research will enable you to understand the competition ahead and how your app will fix the problem and set you apart. 

3: Explain the features you want the web app to have:

What features do you want the web application you’re designing to have? State it clearly. But keep the features down a bit. Of course, you want the application to have more features, but don’t get carried away. 

The more features you incorporate into your application, the longer the design will take and the more money you may spend. 

In addition, you won’t be able to solve the problems staring you in the face. This could make your users assume you aren’t concerned about their needs. 

So, list a few app features and move on to the next stage.

4: Draw a plan for the workflow:

Another important aspect of your application is the workflow. You have to plan the workflow carefully. 

If the app you want to create has a competitor already, and the competitor has an app, try to use their app a bit. If they offer one, take advantage of their free trial and use their apps for a while. 

The primary focus here is to create an application with a workflow superior to your competitors.

5: Sketch the app’s interface:

The interface is critical. So, dedicate more time to this aspect of your web application. You have to brainstorm at this stage and create an interface your users would be happy to view. 

The interface you’re drafting and what you’ll eventually create might not be 100% exact. Let your draft guide you in creating an application with the ideal features, interface, and functionality. 

6: Prototype and wireframe the application you want to create:

These are two important terms to consider when making a web application. The prototype deals with the web application’s display, while the wireframe covers the application’s blueprint. 

So, how do you prototype or wireframe your web application? In other words, how do you incorporate interactive display and define its blueprint? You can use a low code/no code platform to achieve this.

Prototype is crucial when creating a web application. You’ll require it when seeking validation for your application. 

7: Seek unbiased feedback (validation):

You cannot just create and throw a web application at your users. You don’t rush web applications. It’s a gradual process. Additionally, you have to sort validation before creating your final product. 

So, join relevant web development communities and forums. You will find them on social media and other platforms. Present your solution to the group and get their feedback. 

Prepare your mind for constructive and destructive feedback. Don’t feel bad if you get the latter. Pay attention to the feedback and make the necessary adjustments when creating the final product. 

If the feedback you receive is positive, start creating the app immediately. But if one or more areas that require improvement are identified, fix them in the final product. 

8: Create a database:

Your web application is kept in a database, which is also called a server. Your database handles the application’s daily operations. 

MongoDB and MySQL dominate the database market, so you don’t have to stress about which database to pick from. You can choose any of both databases, and you’ll be fine. 

9: Take care of the frontend:

There is a front end and a back end. The front end is the section of your web application that users will be interested in. It is the section your users can see. 

Understand most web applications don’t require a frontend framework. But if yours does, create it carefully. 

The front end is developed using coding language. And remember that the framework has been given as no-code/low-code, but you don’t always require code to build your app’s front end. 

10: Work on the backend:

Once you finish creating the front end, your next focus should be on the back end. The backend is the section of your web application that users can’t see. It stores crucial details like your servers, data, and databases. 

The backend can be challenging to create, so you should hire a web developer to take care of it. But if you’re using a no-code/low-code platform, you won’t be doing much coding. 

The platform would remove some of the complexities of creating the backend. 

11: Put your web application to the test:

After creating your frontend and backend, your web app should be ready for use or presumed ready. We use the word “presumed ready” because you might have to fix a thing or two if the app doesn’t function well. 

So, test the application in run mode. If the app isn’t functioning correctly, troubleshoot with the no-code/low-code platform. 

Most platforms have features that help to check for bugs and fix web applications, making the job more comfortable for the developer. 

12: Use the web application:

Once you have addressed the problem with your web application, it’s time to deploy it. 

Move the application from your computer to the cloud to enable your users can access it anywhere. Choose a web host for your web application and allow users to experience the incredible app you have created to solve their problems. 

The Different Types of Web Applications

1: Static web application:  These web applications lack interactivity and appear similar to every user. The lack of interactivity is another reason many people don’t consider it a website application. It doesn’t store information on the user or update it in real time. The marketing landing page is an excellent example of a static web application. 

2: Dynamic web application: As the name implies, dynamic web applications run CSS and scripts to achieve their dynamic look. They appear different to different users despite having the same base code. 

Dynamic application is the direct opposite of static application. They store information about users and are updated in real time. A blog is a typical example of a dynamic web app. 

3: E-commerce web application:  The e-commerce web application is an app that allows you to purchase products online and make payments. They are created using Python, PHP, and Ruby on Rails. 

The e-commerce application is a dynamic web app that supports browser-based shopping. The app manages your product and order, including the payment database. The Amazon e-commerce store is an excellent example of an e-commerce web application. 

4: Portal web application: Google is an excellent example of a portal web application, as it provides search, email, and other additional services. 

5: Single-page web application: Two good examples of a single-page web application are Gmail and PayPal. 

6: Multiple-page web application: The entire page is reloaded when a user moves to another one. Examples of multiple-page web apps are Wikipedia and Facebook. 

What Differentiates A Web and Mobile Application?

Web and mobile applications are created to solve problems. So, they are sufficient in their way and deliver incredible user experience. But the truth is that both applications aren’t the same. 

Let’s discuss their differences.

  • Mobile applications can only run on mobile devices. There are also discrepancies in a mobile application’s operating system. For instance, mobile applications only run on Android, while some run on iOS devices such as iPhones. In stark contrast, the content and services of web applications run smoothly on any device. 
  • You need to visit an app store (Google Play Store for Android mobile apps or app store), then download and install the app on your mobile device before you can utilize the app. In contrast, you can view web apps from any browser without downloading or installing them on your device.   
  • You can only be able to access web applications if you have a proper internet connection; you can’t access them offline. In stark contrast, mobile applications are accessible offline. For instance, you don’t need an internet connection to play most mobile games. 
  • Speed is another thing that differentiates a mobile application from a web application. Mobile apps are usually faster to browsers compared to web applications. Web apps may take time to load. 
  • While a web application can automatically update itself, that isn’t the case with a mobile application. You’ll have to update your mobile application manually.
  • The security of mobile apps is tighter than for web applications. 
  • A developer would require approval to add mobile applications to the app store, but that isn’t the case with web applications. Web apps are browsed via browsers and do not require approval. 

Conclusion

We have discussed the meaning and how to build web applications. The process is now more straightforward, thanks to the available advanced tools. However, you may still need programming knowledge to create complex web applications. 

Web applications are essential for businesses. They allow businesses to interact with users on a different level. 

We also discussed the differences between mobile and web applications. You can read the content to understand both applications better. 

Md. Julhas Alam, is a seasoned entrepreneur, and top-rated digital marketing professional. He has dedicated over a decade of his life, helping businesses succeed online. Julhas Alam is the founder of several leading digital marketing companies, BitChip Digital, Outreach Link Agency, and Go Savvy SEO . He has helped hundreds of online businesses save millions of dollars, generate millions of dollars in revenue and grow, through result-driven digital marketing services.